EUSeaMap (2019) Broad-Scale Predictive Habitat Map - MSFD Benthic Broad Habitat Types

Output of the 2019 EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive model, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats and aggregated into the Benthic Broad Habitat Types of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (as defined in the Commission Decision 17 May 2017).

The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to the Barents Sea in the north.

The map was produced using a "top-down" modelling approach using classified habitat descriptors to determine a final output habitat.

Habitat descriptors differ per region but include: Biological zone Energy class Oxygen regime Salinity regime Seabed substrate Riverine input

Habitat descriptors (excepting Substrate) are calculated using underlying physical data and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions.

The model is produced using R and Arc Model Builder (10.1).

The model was created using raster input layers with a cell size of 0.00104dd (roughly 100 metres). The model includes the sublittoral zone only; due to the high variability of the littoral zone, a lack of detailed substrate data and the resolution of the model, it is difficult to predict littoral habitats at this scale.

A more detailed version of this map is classified according to the EUNIS 2007-11 classification system where it is appropriate, and a bespoke classification system elsewhere.

This report details the methods used in the previous version (v2016) - a new report is in progress: Populus J. And Vasquez M. (Eds), 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer Available from:

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Partner PP7
Topic category Biological characteristics
Sub category Habitats and biotopes biota environment oceans
Resource language English
Domain area Mediterranean Sea,Montenegrin Adriatic Sea,European Seas
Owner EMODnet Seabed Habitats
Provider EMODnet Seabed Habitats
Data portal EMODnet Seabed Habitats
Presentation form Map (map represented in raster or vector form)
Spatial representation Vector - mixed types
Coordinate reference system epsg:4326 - WGS84 (degree)
Web services
    Temporal extent
    Data accessibility
    Validation level
    Additional information
    Relevance for testing
      Relevance for modules
        Metadata completeness Complete
        Notes Previous version published in 2016. This map has been updated using up-to-date input layers and extended to include the Barents Sea. An accompanying confidence layer is available for viewing and download from EMODnet Seabed Habitats. Details on method for the 2016 version available from: A new report is in progress.
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